Herniated Disc


Herniated Disc

What are the symptoms of Herniated Discs?

What are the non-surgical treatment options?

What are the surgical treatment options?

Recovery After Surgery
To understand herniated discs, we have to first look into what a disc actually is. A spinal disc is a piece of tissue that lies in between the vertebrae of the spine. It acts as a cushion to absorb trauma. When the person is young, the disc is elastic and soft; however, it becomes more rigid when a person ages. Like lots of other parts of the body, it becomes more prone to injury and damage as it loses its elasticity.

A herniated disc happens when a spinal disc becomes brittle and ruptures. Part of it is then pushed outside its normal position. It can push into the nerves found in the spine, and even the spinal cord itself. This pinching doesn’t always happen, as in some areas of the spine, there is enough space for the disc portion to avoid hitting a nerve.

The torn disc can also release inflammatory chemical mediators. These chemicals can cause severe pain even without pinched nerves. In some cases the ruptured disc does not present any symptoms. A study of a small test group who feel no symptoms show that 50% had ruptured discs but had no idea.

This condition is also called prolapsed disc and ruptured disc. Similar terms include pinched nerve, sciatica, disc disease, disc degeneration, degenerative disc disease, black disease and bulging disc.

The common term used for this condition is slipped disc, but this is actually misleading. Spinal discs cannot slip because they are too tightly situated between two vertebrae. The term may be harmful in some cases since the term can confuse people as to what to expect

A herniated disc may happen because of a simple activity or injury. A worn disc that has become brittle due to age can be ruptured by a fall or other accident that causes strain to the disc. Repeated tasks that strain the disc, such as bending over and lifting with a rounded back can do it. This is because improper lifting causes extreme pressure on a disc. The internal force can go from a normal 17 psi when lying down to above 300 psi when lifting improperly.